Current treatment options for gastrointestinal stromal tumor
MUDr. Zdeněk Linke
Onkologická klinika 2. LF UK a FN v Motole, Praha
Gastrointestinal stromal tumor was one of the first solid tumors, where previous palliative treatment with chemotherapy was completely replaced by biological treatment. Imatinib mesylate was significant turning point for patients, imatinib against previous treatments significantly prolonged survival in metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor cases and reduced recurrence rates and prolonged survival in patients following radical resections of risk groups of patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors. After imatinib failure, preparations such as sunitinib and regorafenib are available. In recent years, new molecules for gastrointestinal stromal tumors treatment are under research and the dependence of therapy effect on c-Kit receptor mutation status and the serum concentration of imatinib is being investigated.
gastrointestinal stromal tumor, imanitib, sunitinib, regorafenib, c-Kit receptor
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