Combination avelumab‑axitinib in metastatic renal cell carcinoma treatment
Doc. MUDr. Tomáš Büchler, Ph.D.
Onkologická klinika 1. LF UK a Thomayerovy nemocnice, Praha
Several recent clinical studies have shown the benefit of combining checkpoint inhibitors with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) directed agents. JAVELIN Renal 101 was a randomised study comparing the combination of avelumab + axitinib versus sunitinib in the first line therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. A total of 886 patients were enrolled. In patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, the median progression-free survival was 13.6 months versus 7.2 months favoring avelumab-axitinib. Based on these results, the combination of avelumab and axitinib is a new standard first-line treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma.
avelumab, axitinib, sunitinib, renal carcinoma
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