Colorectal cancer screening
MUDr. Tomáš Grega1; MUDr. Gabriela Vojtěchová1; Mgr. Ondřej Ngo2,3; Mgr. Renata Chloupková2,3; RNDr. Ondřej Májek, Ph.D.2,3; prof. RNDr. Ladislav Dušek, Ph.D.2,3; prof. MUDr. Miroslav Zavoral, Ph.D.1; doc. MUDr. Štěpán Suchánek, Ph.D.1
1 Interní klinika 1. LF UK a Ústřední vojenská nemocnice - Vojenská fakultní nemocnice, Praha
2 Institut biostatistiky a analýz, LF Masarykovy univerzity, Brno
3 Ústav zdravotnických informací a statistiky ČR, Praha
The Czech Republic belongs to countries with long-term decreasing incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer. An organized population screening program has a major contribution to positive epidemiological trends. Sufficient coverage of the target population by screening tests and monitoring of screening quality indicators are key to an effective screening program. The principles of the screening program are defined in the European Recommendations. Most quality indicators in the Czech Republic are fulfilled. Participation of the target population in colorectal cancer screening is still unsatisfactory, however, it is gradually increasing by introducing a population screening program. This article summarizes current epidemiology, screening settings and current results of the National Colorectal Cancer Screening Program in the Czech Republic.
colorectal cancer, epidemiology, population screening, quality indicators
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