Epithelial tumors of the thymus and diagnostic options


MUDr. Vladimír Červeňák1, MUDr. Zdeněk Chovanec, Ph.D.2, MUDr. Alena Berková, Ph.D.2, doc. MUDr. Jiří Vaníček, Ph.D.1, MUDr. Tomáš Hanslík2, MUDr. Sabina Svobodová3, MUDr. Robert Novák3

1 Klinika zobrazovacích metod, Fakultní nemocnice u sv. Anny a LF MU v Brně

2 I. chirurgická klinika, Fakultní nemocnice u sv. Anny a LF MU v Brně

3 Onkologicko-chirurgické oddělení, Fakultní nemocnice u sv. Anny a LF MU v Brně



Epithelial tumors are the most common tumors of the thymus. This group of tumors includes thymomas and thymic carcinoma and these tumors are very rare, although they are among the most common tumors of the anterior mediastinum in adults. The thymus is an organ of the immune system that can be routinely monitored by various chest examination methods. We encounter it more in children, but it is no exception in adults either. The problem in adults is its variable appearance, as it goes through the process of involution. Involution is support by the corticosteroids during excessive stress. Likewise, these conditions can change its shape and size. The basics of embryology, anatomy together with knowledge of imaging methods, are a necessary condition for accurate diagnosis of benign and malignant thyroid tumors. Only the correct identification of these pathologies allows you to choose the appropriate method of therapy.


Key words

thymus, thymoma, thymic carcinoma, diagnostics



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